Measures of disadvantage/deprivation capture whether one has sufficient financial resources to obtain basic needs (e.g., food, housing, medical care).
Patterson GR, Forgatch MS, DeGarmo DS. Cascading effects following intervention. Development and Psychopathology. 2010;22(4):949-970.
Cronbach’s alpha range = 0.81 – 0.89
Are you able to afford:
|A large enough house||o||o|
|Furniture or household equipment that needs replacement||o||o|
|The kind of car you need||o||o|
|Car repairs, fuel, insurance||o||o|
How often does it happen that you do not have enough money to afford:
|Never||Sometimes||Most times||Every month|
|The kind of food your family should have||o||o||o||o|
|The kind of medical care your family should have||o||o||o||o|
|The kind of clothing your family should have||o||o||o||o|
|The leisure activities that your family wants||o||o||o||o|
Tolman RM, Rosen D. Domestic violence in the lives of women receiving welfare: mental health, substance dependence, and economic well-being. Violence Against Women. 2001;7(2):141-158.
Have any of the following occurred within the past 12 months?
|Had gas or electricity shut off||o||o|