Material Disadvantage/Deprivation

Measures of disadvantage/deprivation capture whether one has sufficient financial resources to obtain basic needs (e.g., food, housing, medical care).  

Measure

Source:

Patterson GR, Forgatch MS, DeGarmo DS. Cascading effects following intervention. Development and Psychopathology. 2010;22(4):949-970.  

Psychometric properties:

Cronbach’s alpha range = 0.81 – 0.89 

Are you able to afford:

  Yes No
A large enough house o o
Furniture or household equipment that needs replacement o o
The kind of car you need o o
Car repairs, fuel, insurance o o

How often does it happen that you do not have enough money to afford:

  Never Sometimes Most times Every month
The kind of food your family should have o o o o
The kind of medical care your family should have o o o o
The kind of clothing your family should have o o o o
The leisure activities that your family wants o o o o

Measure

Source:

Tolman RM, Rosen D. Domestic violence in the lives of women receiving welfare: mental health, substance dependence, and economic well-being. Violence Against Women. 2001;7(2):141-158.

Psychometric properties:

Not reported.

Have any of the following occurred within the past 12 months?

  Yes No
Experienced homelessness o o
Had gas or electricity shut off o o
Faced eviction o o